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 HISTORY OF CUSCO

>>Historia de la Epoca Pre Inca:

 

En la región del Cusco se conocen algunas ocupaciones en el Pre-cerámico siendo considerados como los más antiguos a los hombres de Yauri y Chumbivilcas con una antigüedad aproximada de 5,000 años A.C., posteriormente a los pastores de las zonas de Canas y Chawaytiri, y más adelante como agricultores a los hombres de Qorqa. 

 

Es en el período Formativo cuando el hombre hace su aparición en el Valle del Watanay o Valle del Cusco, desarrollándose así diferentes Culturas en sus distintas fases:

 

PRIMERA FASE: Marcavalle es considerado como la mas antigua ocupación sedentaria en este Valle que se encuentra al este del Cusco, los cuales se dedicaban a la agricultura y ganadería y eran relativamente organizados.

Es así que se inicia la vida en la ciudad viva más antigua en el Continente Americano que tiene una antigüedad aproximada de unos 3,000 años.

 

SEGUNDA FASE: En esta fase se desarrolla la cultura Chanapata el año 800 A.C. aproximadamente, posteriormente surgen los Estados Regionales como por ejemplo el de Qotakalli por el año 600 D.C., posteriormente por el año 800 D.C. se forma el Estado Regional de Killki y luego el de Lucre alrededor de 1,000 D.C.

>>Historia de la epoca Inca:
 
Manco Cápac was the first Inka and the founder of Cusco (Qosqo), but before him there were two groups of people who lived on this area, which were quickly conquested by the Inkas becuaseof their superiority and the better development of their knowledge. Afterwards the inka empire went even further and got to be the biggest over Southamerica. It had thirteen Inkas or Kings, these were: MANCO CAPAC, SINCHI ROCA, LLOQUE YUPANQUI, MAYTA CAPAC, CAPAC YUPANQUI, INCA ROCA, INCA YUPANQUI, WIRACOCHA, PACHACUTEC, TUPAC INCA YUPANQUI, HUAYNA CAPAC, HUASCAR and ATAHUALLPA.

Of all of them PACHACUTEC was the greatest who took the power after a great war against the Chancas, it is well known that Pachacutec's period was very tough because of the disasters such as earthquakes, Afterwards Pachacutec rrebuilt Cusco and his empire , the city was drawn on a different shape, with new and different neighbourhoods, at the same time he got to expand his territory and mde it powerful. Pachacutec's succesors were TUPAC INCA YUPANQUI, HUAYNA CAPAC, HUASCAR and ATAHUALLPA.

The Inka and his Elite

After Francisco Pizarro and his troops arrived , they knew how to took advantage of the actual conflict between the brothers Huáscar and Atahuallpa as well as the missery of some villages taken by the inkas, tha's how this awfully great Empire ended after the death of Atahuallpa.

Francisco Pizarro came back to fund Cusco as part of the Spanish Colony on march 23rd 1534, in the name of the king of Spain with the name and title of "LA MUY NOBLE Y GRAN CIUDAD DEL CUZCO". ( The very Noble and Great City of Cusco)

The Inkas always fought to get rid of the Spanish Harrestment, and that's how in 1536 Manco Inca started the long war aginst the European Invaders, Surrrounding the city for a period of 8 months. Finally in 1572 after 36 years of war, the last empirer of the dinasty of the inkas, Túpac Amaru I, was defeated and captured in  Vilcabamba, he was executed by cutting his head off at the Plaza de Armas.

In 1650 was affected by a violent earthquake which destroyed most of the colonial buildings and afterwards in 1780 the city was affected again by another disaster, but this timeof a social matter, the Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II, who fought for the  Emancipation, however he was betraited, defeated  and finally executed as well as his family and supporters at the same Plaza de Armas as his Ancestor.

Around 1814-1815 Mateo Pumacahua, Cacique of Chinchero, whom as a youngster had fought with Tupac Amaru II; rose in favor of Cusco supported by the Angulo Brothers and some other patriots for the emancipation of Perú. They were beated and executed by the spanish troops. In 1821 Perú got its independence from Spain after a long and cruel process developed all over Southamerica.

>> Historia del Cusco actual:  

En 1950 otro gran terremoto azotó la ciudad del Cusco. En 1978 la VII Convención de Alcaldes de las Grandes Ciudades del Mundo, reunida en Milán, acordó declarar a la ciudad: "Patrimonio Cultural del Mundo". En París, el 9 de diciembre de 1983, la UNESCO declaró al Qosqo como "Patrimonio Cultural de la Humanidad".   

 

El 22 de diciembre de 1983, el gobierno peruano declaró a la ciudad del Cusco como la "Capital Turística de Perú" así como el "Patrimonio Cultural de la Nación" por medio de la Ley Nº 23765. La Constitución Política del Perú de 1993 lo declara también como la "Capital Histórica del Perú".   

 

Hoy Cusco es capital del departamento del mismo nombre y a su vez es la ciudad protagonista del mayor caudal turístico que visita el Perú, gracias a sus maravillas legadas por un pasado rico en vida e historia inconmensurables.  

 

>> Fuer die weitere Suche:

                                Peruvian history

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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